Small changes add up to big differences and, if you change one thing this January, try looking at your intake of carbs. Researchers found low-GI foods, such as wholemeal bread, reduce inflammation that is associated with disease and obesity.
The study by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center found a "low-glycemic-load" diet, which does not cause blood-glucose levels to spike, also increases a hormone that helps regulate the metabolism of fat and sugar.
Low-GI meal plans are recommended by slimming clubs such as Rosemary Conley for slow-release energy and to help you feel full. This research also found a wholegrain-rich diet also reduced a biomarker of inflammation called C-reactive protein by about 22%, based ib a stydy of 80 healthy people, half of whom were overweight or obese.
"Glycemic load" refers to how the intake of carbohydrates, adjusted for total grams of carbohydrate, affects blood-sugar levels. Lentils or pinto beans have a glycemic load that is approximately three times lower than instant mashed potatoes, for example, and therefore won't cause blood-sugar levels to rise as quickly. Other low-GI foods include kidney beans and fruits such as apples, oranges, grapefruit and pears.
"This finding is important and clinically useful since C-reactive protein is associated with an increased risk for many cancers as well as cardiovascular disease," said lead author Marian Neuhouser.